Gastronomy

Od | Zasláno do sekce Angličtina | Ve 02-10-2008

 

Daily meals usually start with breakfast. An English breakfast differs greatly from ours. Traditional British breakfast consists of a glass of fruit juice, cornflakes with sugar and milk and buttered crisp piece of toast with marmalade or jam or honey. Quite a lot of British people eat müsli for their breakfast or some other ready-made cereals or porridge. Of course they drink tea in the morning or coffee.
Tea has been called the national beverage of the English and it is still their favourite drink. They usually put milk in their tea, but seldom put any sugar in it. Sundays are reserved for their big cooked breakfast (which is sometimes called “brunch” - breakfast and lunch together) consisting of e.g. hard or soft boiled, scrambled, poached or fried eggs, fried bacon, sausages, tomatoes, fried bread. Their breakfast is taken at eight or at nine o clock.
The second meal is lunch taken between 12 and 1 o’clock, which is a light meal. People may eat in the office or factory canteen some kind of meat or fish, potatoes and vegetables and fruit or take a sandwich to work, which is the most current. The origin of the world “sandwich” is interesting. An 18th century aristocrat, the Earl of Sandwich, loved playing cards. He used to play all day and night and hated having to stop for his meals. So he thought of a way of putting meat between two slices of bread. In this way he could eat and play at the same time.
The typical British break is 5 o’clock tea, which is called high tea. The tea is usually fairly strong and eaten together with some cakes or biscuits.
At about 6 o’clock most families have their evening meal or “dinner”. Dinner is the principal meal of the day. It may be cooked or cold, depending on the time of year. There is sometimes soup as the first course then some meat, vegetables and almost always potatoes, which is rather boring. The English are fond of cakes and pies. And there is often a sweet - some kind of pudding or a fruit pie.
Supper is a meal, which the English sometimes have when they come home from the cinema or the theatre late at night. It is always lighter meat. The traditional perception of British cuisine is of overcooked vegetables, tasteless meat and a lot of potatoes. Many families now prefer to eat out at restaurants or cafés or to buy take-away Chinese or Indian meals to eat at home. The selection of foreign food is larger now and there are lots of hamburger chains. They are a nation with a very “sweet tooth”.
Fast food is a typical feature of both British and American life styles. In a restaurant you can eat national dishes, but there are food stalls and places where you can either buy various types of food to eat as you walk along the streets or take it away and eat at home. The Americans call fast food restaurants “cheapies”. These places - McDonald’s, Burger King, Wendy’s, Kentucky Fried Chicken (in America also Mrs. Winner’s) usually offer beverages (Coca-Cola, Pepsi-Cola, tea, coffee, milkshakes…), some solid food like roast chicken and chips, hamburgers, sandwiches, pizza, salads or deserts (apple, cherry pie). The oldest types of fast food are seafood stalls or shops - usually fish and chips. Many types of fish are sold (cod, hake, plaice). Another typical feature of British and American lifestyle is popcorn. You can buy it when walking the streets. Various types of popcorn are sold - either sweet with sugar and other flavours, or cooked with salt.
In our country daily meals usually start with breakfast, which consists of something to drink - tea (with milk or with lemon) or cocoa, warm or hot milk, black coffee - and something to eat, e. g. one or two slices of bread and butter and cheese or eggs, ham, salami, jam etc. Instead of bread we can eat rolls or buns or we can have something sweet - cakes, doughnuts or gingerbread. Quite a lot of people eat cereal for their breakfast - either cornflakes or porridge or muesli - they also sometimes add various ingredients like yoghurt, raisins, chocolate, stewed fruit, walnuts, hazelnuts etc. Breakfast usually takes place between 6 and 7 o’clock.
Around noon (but in our school sometimes at half past two p. m.) we have our lunch, which is warm and consists of some soup, a main dish, something to drink and salad or dessert. Most people go to a school, office or factory canteen but some prefer going to a restaurant or having a fast lunch in a buffet or a snack bar or buying something at street stalls.
Soups are either vegetable soups (potato, tomato, pea, bean, carrot, parsley, celery, mushrooms) or meat teas (beef tea, tripe, chicken, hen or goulash soup etc.). Some people cook fruit soups (e. g. strawberry soup).
The main dish can be either sweet - e.g. strawberry or plum dumplings, pancakes with jam and cream, baked yeast dumplings, doughnuts etc. Or we can have some meat or fish or poultry with some vegetables such as potatoes, chips, rice, Czech dumplings, pasta or bread. We distinguish the following types of meat: beef, pork, veal, mutton, lamb, game and we can prepare it in various ways - roast it, grill it, boil it, bake it or stew it - we can mince or smoke some kinds of meat. Poultry is things like chicken, hen, duck, turkey and goose. Lots of people in our country eat rabbits. The main fish cooked in our country is carp (it is a traditional Christmas meal - battered carp and potato salad) and trout.
While cooking we may add various spices so that the meal will have a unique flavour - e. g. garlic, sage, rosemary, thyme, marjoram, curry, pepper, ginger, red pepper, mace, cinnamon, clove, cumin, bay leaf, allspice, ketchup, Soya sauce, Worchester, sugar, vinegar, mustard, peanuts, onions, flour, semolina, etc.
After the main dish we may drink tea, lemonade, cider, juice, Coca-Cola, mineral water syrup and water, while the adults like beer and black coffee after their dinner.
An evening meal may be either warm or cold. Cold and quick supper may consist of some pâté on bread or rolls, kippers or some spread. We can cook a ready-made dish from a tin or have soup or potato pancakes.
Typical Czech meals include: Tripe soup, potato soup, “kulajda” soup (mushrooms and potatoes boiled in a little bit of sour cream soup), roasted goose and sauerkraut and Czech dumplings, Moravian sparrows (roasted fat pork off cuts) and dumplings, Spanish birds (rolled beef steaks filled with salami, pickle, egg and mustard), potato pancakes, fruit dumplings with cream, baked yeast dumplings, potato or “hairy” dumplings, fried cheese etc. Traditional Czech cuisine is however a bit unhealthy and people can get fat. Many families prefer to cook more vegetable meals, they become vegetarians or try some kind of foreign (Chinese) food.