New York and Washington D.C.

Od | Zasláno do sekce Angličtina | Ve 02-10-2008


New York is the biggest city in the USA. The number of inhabitants is about 18 million. It belongs to the largest cities in the world. It is sometimes called “The Big Apple”. New York has five major parts: Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island (Richmond) and Brooklyn. The black quarter - Harlem - is in northern part of Manhattan.
The original inhabitants were Indians, which is remembered by the name of the oldest part - Manhattan Island. This island was bought by the Dutch in 17th century for goods worth 25. US dollars The original name was New Amsterdam. In southern part of Manhattan there used to be a wall against Indians, now there is Wall Street - the centre of financial life.
The city was built on a modern plan of streets and avenues, which are numbered. Streets run east-west and avenues north-south. Only a few of them have their names, e. g. Wall Street, Broadway. Broadway is the centre of cultural life. There is concentrated most of entertainment (e. g. Metropolitan Opera or Carnage Hall). The island is washed by the Hudson River and the East River. East Village is a centre of many ethnic restaurants, boutiques and jazz clubs. Greenwich Village is the home of artists a writers.
New York is famous for its Manhattan skyline - a large number of skyscrapers on a small area. They started to built skyscrapers here because the price of land on the island was very high. The first skyscraper was built in 1903. Today they are built with the help of computers. In the fact the skyscrapers are small towns. We can find here residential quarters, offices, parking lots, restaurants, shops, fitness centres, swimming pool. Living here is very expensive.
The highest skyscraper in New York was The World Trade Center. It was built in 1973 and had 110 floors and more than 100 000 people came and go here every day, but it collapsed in 11. september 2001, after terrosist attack. Another interesting skyscraper in N. Y. is Empire State Building. It has 102 floors and a TV tower and a restaurant at the top. There are also many others - e. g. Chrysler Building, PanAm Building and UN building.
The only quiet place is Central Park where famous rock concerts take place. We can there relaxing by walking or jogging.
There are many attractive places where visitors like to go in New York. The most known bridge is the Brooklyn Bridge. There are many islands in this area - Roosevelt Island, Coney Island and Liberty Island with the Statue of Liberty (It´s a copy of a small statue given to the USA by France as the symbol of the friendship between these two nations. And it is a symbol of freedom.

Washington D.C.
Washington D.C. is the capital city of the Unites States, named after the first president Georgie Washington. It is home to the federal government and the residence of the President. The capital is located in a speciáa district called the District of Columbia which is not a state because i tis the seat of the federál governemnt.
Situated on the Potomac River, Washington hasfour sections: northeast (NE), northwest (NW), southeast (SE), and southwest (SW). In the centre, on Capitol Hill, is the Capitol where Congress meets. Nearby, on Pennsylvania Ave, is the White House, the traditional residence of the President. Also of importance in Washington is the US national library.
Washington is home to several important international organizations, including the World Bank and the Organization of American States.
There are many interesting sites in Washington, atracting 18 million tourists each zdar. Throughout the city, there are memorials honouring famous figures from American history, including Georgie Washington, Thomas Jefferson. Abraham Lincoln, and many American soldiers.
Washington is also famous for its museums. The Smithsonion Institute is one of the largest museum and research complexes in the world. There is also the National Space and Air museum, the Museum of Afričan Art, the National Gallery of Art, and many others.
In addition, Washington is world renowned for its parks and green spaces. The most beautiful parks are the West and East Potomac Parks and Constitution Gardens.
623.000 people inhabit the capital city, while the entitě metropolitan area has a population of 3.750.000. Appoximately 70% of the people are African American and 30% white.
The economy of Washington revolver around the federal government. Most people work for the government or in government related business. Only 5% of the workforce is involved in manufacturing.