Sport and games

Od | Zasláno do sekce Angličtina | Ve 02-10-2008

 

Sports and games are activities that are well known for everybody of us. People started to do sports and play games many years ago, but the biggest boom was in this century. With coming of new technologies people got new possibilities and new ideas how to spend their spare time for pleasure, but only for it. People do the sports because they want to keep fit, build their muscles and make their body better for look. It is also very good (the best) kind of relaxation. It helps to keep our mental health in order. The majority of people do the sports as a hobby but some people do the sport as a job.

Kinds of sports
- Season sports: summer, winter, seasonal…
- Outdoors: baseball, golf, gliding, skiing…
- Indoors: table-tennis, gymnastic, chess
- Social: all teams games (football, volleyball)
- Single: chess, golf, athletics…
- Water, ball games…

Typical sports for
Great Britain
- Many sports have their origins in Britain that is why Britain is sometimes called the cradle of sports
- Cricket – real English game, it has never spread in foreign countries, it is intensively played only in the UK, Australia and some other Commonwealth countries; it is played on a cricket field of approximately size of two pitches, two teams of 11 members, they use cricket-bat and a small leather-ball.
- Golf – has its origins in Scotland
- Football – the most popular game in Britain;
- Tennis, Squash
- They don’t play volleyball at all

The USA
- Baseball, Rugby, Basketball, Motor racing, Ice-hockey (Canada)…

The Czech Republic
- Football, Ice-hockey, Tennis, Volleyball…

Rules and equipment
When you want to do some sport you firstly need to know the rules. If don’t know it you may be sent off the play or you don’t achieve the best results (score) you could. You nearly always need some equipment for doing it. For instance when you play golf you has to have lot of equipment – different kinds of sticks, balls, special trolley.

Important sport events
The Olympic Games
- are the most famous sport event in the world
- people represent their own country, more than 30 sport events
- they are held every four years, they have their summer and winter parts which change once every two years
- the first Olympic Games took place in Olympia, Greece in the year 776 B.C., there exist many legends – the story of the marathon (in 490 a Greek runner ran about 42 km. from Marathon to Athens; he was bringing news of the Battle of Athens; but he ran too tar, too fast; he died from exhaustion)
- symbol of the Games is The Olympic Flag – there are five connected circles, each symbolised one continent (blue – Europe, black – Africa, red – America, yellow – Asia, green – Australia); and The Olympic Fire – it is traditionally lighted in Greek Olympia and moved to the city in which the Games are taking place, it burns during the OG
Other Events
Wimbledon – the most famous tennis tournament in the world, Czech republic belong to the first class, it takes place in GB
World Championships in F1, hockey, football, World Cups…

Other
Sport as a hobby
- sport could be very funny and what is very important, nearly everybody can do some sport activity
- sport keeps us healthy not only physical, but psychical, too
- we can do sport with our friends, or meet a lot of new interesting people
- sport teaches us, how to improve our condition and some kinds of sports could us teach how to be more responsible and fair
- but you must be careful and don’t overestimate your power
Sport as a profession
- it is very hard work, you have to be very good at it if you want to be famous
- you can earn a lot of money and meet famous people
- but it could be very dangerous for your body. Some kinds of sports – athletics, are very dangerous for your muscles – you can stretch your muscles, and your joins very suffer
- there is a big danger of anabolic steroids (synthetic hormone) – if you take it, it destroys your body very much
- you have to be very careful of every kinds of injuries, because it could be the end of you carrier
- if you are top sportsman, you have to keep very strictly rules and your private life is under the control, too
- you must know the rules and respect them
- must have a good equipment and trainer